Living in England: Pros and Cons for Expats

Are England’s rolling hills and cozy cottages calling your name? Weighing the pros and cons of living in England was a critical part of our decision to move to the UK from America. And while we love our new English life, it’s not without challenges.

Living in England pros and cons include visits to this beautiful Cotswolds stone cottage on a canal.

It’s easy to be swept up in visions of country walks, Sunday roast, and free healthcare. But there are two sides to every coin.

This list of living in England pros and cons covers the upsides–and downsides–of English life. Give it a read before you set off on your expat adventure!

Need help planning your relocation? Check out my ultimate moving to the UK FAQ!

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Pros and Cons of Living in England

British flag walkway leading to Blenheim Palace entry with dozens of windows and columns.

Pro: NHS means healthcare is (mostly) free

Coming from the abysmal US healthcare system, the NHS was a revelation. Even though I was fortunate to have decent health insurance through my employer, I was still haunted by the possibility that a major accident or cancer diagnosis could financially ruin my family.

Being able to call an ambulance or seek physical therapy without going into debt was among my top reasons to move to England from the US. And after two years, I still get a little excited when I walk out of my doctor’s office without stopping to pay.

I had to include the “mostly free” caveat here because not all healthcare is 100% covered for everyone. There are certain times when you need to pay a (fairly small) fee for health services.

For example, dentistry operates on a tiered system where procedures cost a flat fee based on the level of treatment. However, elderly and low-income residents can get free dental treatment.

And if you’re moving to the UK from abroad, you’ll have to pay an NHS surcharge as part of your visa application. Depending on your visa type, it could cost you £2,000.

Con: It can take weeks to see a GP and months to see a specialist

While you generally won’t pay anything for healthcare, it may take a while to get an appointment.

GP appointment availability varies quite a bit depending on where in England you live, but it’s not unusual for slots to be booked out 2-3 weeks. If you need to see a specialist, wait times can be months or even years long (expats moving here with ADHD know what I mean).

And once you’re finally in the GP’s office, the standard appointment window is a mere 10 minutes. Although I love efficiency, it’s hard to fully trust a medical system that’s designed to get as many people in and out the door as possible.

There are some ways to get around the long wait times. Many people choose to pay for private healthcare insurance, which gives them access to a wider range of doctors, specialists, and medical facilities.

Some cities also have in-home health visits, like London’s VisitHealth. Many GPs have also started offering virtual consultations that you can do via video chat or over the phone, which cuts the wait time down to a few days.

How to Find the Best International Health Insurance for You

Even in countries with universal health care, buying an international health insurance plan makes sense for a lot of expats (especially Americans).

But between deductible rules and coverage areas, it’s hard to know which plan is right for you.

Luckily, the brokers at International Citizens Insurance can help you find the right plan for your specific situation. They will do the research, compare plans, and review options with you. A good broker will save you so much time, and best of all, there is no cost to you!

With International Citizens Insurance, you’ll have your pick of plans from the best international health insurance companies (Cigna, GeoBlue, Aetna, etc.). A dedicated agent will answer all of your questions, walk you through the terms and coverage, and make adjustments so that you end up with a plan and premium that works for you.

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Stone bridge across Seine River in Paris.
Proximity to the continent is one of the best things about living in England

Pro: Cheap and easy access to the continent

The second item on our living in England pros and cons list was cheap and easy travel to Europe. Being able to take a day trip to Brussels or spend a long weekend in Paris is something I dreamt about as a kid. It’s definitely in my top three favorite things about English life.

Greater London is the best connected city with six airports and an international train station. However, Manchester, Liverpool, and Newcastle Airports also have frequent flights to France, Germany, Span, and other European destinations.

Depending on the season and day of the week, £50 can get you a round trip flight to Rome or a train to Paris.

RELATED: 21 Living Abroad Quotes to Inspire Your Move

Con: Brexit has increased travel time

Gone are the days of arriving at St. Pancras 20 minutes before your train departs. With England transitioning out of the EU at the end of 2020, border control is no longer a quick affair.

While the 3+ hour queues that happened immediately after Brexit won’t be the new normal, it’s safe to say that security and immigration will take up a much bigger part of your holiday time.

Save me for later!

Pro: Reasonable cost of living

Putting London aside, England has a pretty good cost of living compared to other major European countries. And the further north you go, the cheaper it gets.

Comparing Chicago, IL to Manchester, groceries are over 30% cheaper in Manchester, and rent is nearly 50% cheaper. Even when grocery shopping in London, I’ve found my weekly bill to be about the same cost as it was in Philadelphia, PA and Austin, TX. And the quality of food is undeniably higher.

Like any country, some regions are more expensive than others. For example, housing prices in southern England drive up the cost of living there. But in my experience, things like food and clothing cost the same as other places in the country.

Con: Low wages outside of London

One of the biggest cons of living in England that I see discussed is low wages. Both expats and life-long residents lament the need to work in London to make good money. 

It may be cheaper to live up north, but the difference in pay may not be worth the trade-off. The UK’s median annual salary for full time workers is about £30,000. But the average full time worker in London earns 25% more per week than someone in the North East region. 

Unfortunately, it’s not easy to find a job that comfortably covers one’s monthly expenses in London. There’s a reason many 30-something Londoners share a flat with multiple roommates. For every tech or finance employee making twice the national average, there are dozens of folks struggling to afford rent and the occasional night out.

Christmas display with red sleigh and penguins at London restaurant.

Pro: The weather is generally mild with four seasons

Weather is among the most hotly debated pros and cons of living in England. Some love it, some hate it, and some find it tolerable until they’re sweating in the middle of a freak July heatwave.

England has four distinct seasons, something I sorely missed during our time in Texas. Even in the peaks of summer and winter, temperatures are pretty mild. It rarely dips below freezing or exceeds 25°C / 77°F.

Being an island nation means the weather patterns vary greatly depending on where you live. I’ve heard people say that London has its own climate–slightly warmer and drier than the surrounding counties. As you might imagine, southern England has milder weather than the Midlands and northern regions, though coastal areas can get wild storms and snowfall.

Quick cultural note: Brits love to comment on the weather, so you can expect the topic to come up frequently. But there’s a fine line between whinging about train delays due to light snow and actual complaining, which isn’t socially acceptable.

Con: There are frequent random rain showers

There’s a common misconception that England gets a lot of rain. The reality is that England has a lot of random yet short-lived rain showers.

After two years, I still haven’t gotten over how it will rain in my back garden but stay dry out front, and all the while the sun will shine. Unless the sky is utterly devoid of clouds, I bring an umbrella if I’m venturing out of my neighborhood.

You never know when a big cloud will roll in and cause a misty drizzle or surprise deluge. It’s one of the more surprising differences between daily life in the US vs UK!

Stone cottage with ivy and roses on facade in England countryside.

Pro: Tons of beautiful character homes and charming cottages

Thatched roof cottages, Jane Austen-esque manors, Victorian houses–England is brimming with gorgeous architecture.

Thanks to England’s legal protection of historic residences, there are countless character homes that have been lived in for hundreds of years. It’s not unusual to find 300+ year old properties among the country’s cities and villages.

If you’re moving to England from another European country, the historic architecture may not be that exciting. But because we moved from the US to London, it’s thrilling to see 17th century stone cottages and elegant entryways preserved alongside modern buildings.

Con: Housing is expensive and the buying process is convoluted

Admiring pretty homes is easy. But getting your hands on an English property is another thing entirely.

In 2019, the median home sales price in England was £240,000. Compared to the median of $227,000 in the US (£178,000 in GBP), it’s 25% more expensive–and you’ll get much less space inside and out.

Factor in the £30,000 average annual salary and costly rent, and it becomes very difficult to save for an adequate deposit (not to mention the buyer’s fees). There’s a reason many Brits rely on gifts or inheritance money from their families to get on the property ladder.

And saving for a downpayment is only half the battle. England has antiquated and frankly ridiculous rules around the home buying process that put all the power in the seller’s hands.

I will eventually write an entire post about buying a house in England. But for now, you can ponder the absurdity of gazumping and gazundering. And don’t get me started on the “chain” system, where your contract is contingent on five other people successfully selling their homes…

RELATED: Ultimate Guide to Finding a Flat in London

Pro: Lots of paid time off and national holidays

Full time workers in the UK are entitled to 28 paid holidays per year. That’s a lot of time to travel or relax, especially if you combine it strategically with the public “bank” holidays.

Companies can technically include bank holidays as part of your 28 days. But even so, it’s a far cry from the zero mandated vacation days in the US.

Con: Work-life balance isn’t as good as other European countries

28 days of statutory leave plus up to 8 holidays is nothing to scoff at. However, other European countries offer even more time off.

For example, French workers get 30 days of leave per year in addition to 11 public holidays. Swedes get 41 paid days off annually.

There’s also the cultural aspect of working late and taking time off.

Italy, France, and Sweden take their work-life balance very seriously. Late nights and weekend work are not the norm, and no one bats an eye if you take a 3 week summer holiday in August.

Unfortunately, England’s work-life balance has been steadily decreasing in the past few years. People are working longer hours and on weekends, particularly staff in competitive London. While you can still take a long holiday without too much pushback, your colleagues might joke that you’re becoming French.

England Seven Sisters Cliffs with yellow flowers in the foreground and ocean beach below.
With dazzling landscapes like these, it’s easy to get distracted from evaluating the pros and cons of living in England

Pro: Beautiful diversity of landscapes

Chalky white cliffs, misty moors, lush forests with crystal lakes… England is a truly stunning country.

No matter where you choose to live, you’ll have a diverse range of landscapes within driving distance. A road trip through England is a bucket list-worthy travel experience.

Con: Hard to fully enjoy the country without a car (and narrow roads)

As much as I love not driving, it does severely limit our exploration of the country. Many of England’s best landscapes and quaint villages are only accessible by car. And you’ll probably need to brave narrow, shoulder-less roads to get there.

There’s a reason road trips are one of the things Americans miss when living in the UK–driving here is stressful!

You can get creative with a combo of public transit and taxis to reach some areas. But you’ll want a vehicle to fully experience England’s beauty.

Pro: Amazing historic sites and cities within day trip distance of major cities

Between historic sites, stately manors, and vibrant cities, you’ll never run out of places to visit on weekends.

A car opens up thousands of day trip opportunities. But England’s rail and bus systems make it possible to explore a fair bit of the country’s best sights. 

There are tons of day trips from London by train, from the beaches of Brighton to the regal grounds of Blenheim Palace. Manchester and York have great links to the Peak and Lake Districts. And trains from Oxford and Cambridge will take you to some of the prettiest villages in England.

Con: England’s trains are expensive and often delayed

Unlike the affordable train fares of Germany, Italy, and other European countries, England’s rail system is expensive. It’s cheaper to fly from London to Barcelona than it is to take the train from London to the Peak District!

Delays are all too common as well. Between constant engineering works and rain, you can expect your train to be delayed by at least a few minutes, if not an hour. 

Brighton Palace balcony and tower with yellow and purple flowers in foreground.

Pro: (Almost) everyone loves dogs

The English have a long history of keeping dogs as beloved companions. And with 25% of British households having at least one dog, you’re sure to spot plenty of pooches in England’s parks and commons.

Dogs are welcome on trains, subways, and many buses across the country. Most taxi drivers will let dogs ride in their cars as well, making it possible to travel England only via public transit with your pup in tow. Add in the number of dog-friendly pubs, restaurants, shops, and hotels, and you can easily go on holiday with your dog at your side.

Brits are famously wary of striking up conversation with strangers. But with a dog at your side, you can expect lots of smiles, comments, and even questions to come your way. 

Con: It’s hard to rent with pets

If you’re a renter, being surrounded by cute pups falls into the pros AND cons of living in England. It’s exceedingly hard to see people walking and playing with dogs all the while knowing you can’t adopt your own.

While it’s not impossible to find pet friendly apartments in London or elsewhere in England, it’s certainly a challenge. After the Tenant Fees Act of 2019 capped deposits at 5 weeks’ rent, many landlords who were once open to pets now refuse them due to potential damage to the property.

If you do have your heart set on renting with a furry friend, be prepared to compromise on location and amenities, and consider offering extra monthly rent to sweeten the deal.

Pro: Farm fresh foods are readily available

England has an abundance of farmer’s markets and green grocers. Yes, you can find plenty of good produce in the supermarket chains. But if you want your fruit and veg fresh from the farm, you won’t have to try too hard.

Even if your town doesn’t have a market, there are numerous companies that ship produce from farms to your home. Farmers Direct, Farmdrop, and Oddbox are popular choices.

RELATED: Where to Shop for American Foods in the UK

Con: Foodie culture hasn’t caught on in many places

England doesn’t have the best reputation for quality cuisine. While that’s certainly changing in cities like London, Manchester, and Oxford, you’ll struggle to find creative dishes and diverse menus in the country’s smaller towns and villages.

If you’re a foodie weighing the pros and cons of living in England, I suggest moving somewhere in or near a major city. There are definitely some hidden gems and Michelin-starred restaurants in the countryside–The Fat Duck in Bray for example–but your palette may get bored pretty quickly.

Two people discussing living in England pros and cons at table in front of Black Horse pub.

Pro: British culture is a haven for introverts

American expats tend to complain about the reserved and indirect English culture. But for introverts like me, England was a welcome respite from the overly friendly and often abrasive personalities I encountered in the US.

In England, you aren’t expected to make small talk with your cashier. Restaurant staff don’t hover over your table and ask you questions mid-chew. In fact, striking up conversation with strangers is generally avoided (taxi drivers being the exception).

Two Englishmen could ride in the same commuter train carriage for 10 years and never speak to one another. Because once you breach the silence, you might be expected to acknowledge that person every day for the rest of time. Best to avoid that awkwardness by looking steadfastly at one’s phone or reading the paper for the duration of the journey.

Con: Making friends can be difficult

The downside of reserved English culture is that it’s rather difficult to make friends. Building friendships as an adult is hard in general. But it’s especially challenging if you’re an outsider.

There are a few ways to make friends as an expat, like joining a weekend football club or grabbing drinks with colleagues after work. Parents and dog owners can also use playdates as a way to meet new friends. But if you live in a smaller village, it can be hard to find people to connect with.

Pro: Pub culture is lively and communal

One of the very first things we did after moving to England was try out every pub in our neighborhood. We were scouting for our “local”, the pub where we’d routinely get Friday night pints and Sunday roast. Having a local gave us a sense of community and comfort in unfamiliar territory.

Pub culture is an integral part of English life. Many Englishmen grab a drink with their mates after work before heading home. Taking a multi-mile ramble through the countryside or park and finishing with Sunday roast is a long-standing tradition.

Con: Football culture is rowdy

During football season, pubs get a bit crazy. The level of passion and devotion that English people have about their football teams is impressive. But when you pack a bunch of them into a room with beer and booze, things get loud.

Sometimes that energy is fun and exciting, like the 2018 World Cup matches we watched at our local. But there have also been times where we’ve had to leave due to rowdy fans. Or we couldn’t get in at all because every pub was overflowing onto the streets.

I hope you found this list of living in England pros and cons helpful. For more moving abroad tips, join my mailing list below!

11 thoughts on “Living in England: Pros and Cons for Expats”

  1. Hi….I really enjoyed reading your articles. I’m surprised by the fact that “ex pats” are even welcomed in the UK. I have long been under the impression that it was quite difficult to “move to England”. And even more difficult to obtain citizenship. So you are saying you simply came to England and told immigration agents you are living there now? I guess I need to look into the process of doing this as it’s always been a dream of mine to live there. And now that I’m retired I feel hopeful. Although I’m guessing the visas expire at some time. ???? I’ll have to look into it and see. Thanks again for your articles.

    • Hi Marilyn! You’re correct that it’s difficult to move to England, and you certainly can’t do it without a valid visa. We moved here on a Tier 2 work visa, which lasts for 2-5 years and can be renewed depending on your circumtstances. The term “expat” refers to a person who lives outside their native country, typically for a limited amount of time. Unfortunately there is no path to UK residency for retirees. You might find my FAQ on How to Move to the UK useful in your research!

  2. Hi Chelsea AKA The Portable Wife 🙂
    I really like your article. It’s kinda funny but it felt like as if I had written it 😉 We both have similar view about life in England.
    I’m also an expact myself, though from Poland. I see some things slightly differently due to coming from another European country, but also don’t live in London (and would never want to, I had enough as a tourist).

  3. My wife (a British citizen by birth but living in the U.S. for 40 years) and I are planning to move to England from the American Southwest in 2022. Your article was the most interesting and most informative of many we have read to date. Thank you.

    • There are many ways to make friends and feel welcome in England. It is a friendly cou try and we Brits have an undeserved reputation for being reserved. The thing to remember is friendship is a treasured and lifelong thing for many Brits, and once you make good friends, the Brits expect that to last and that takes time and effort.

      Also, you’ll find a lot of regional variations as to how open and forthcoming people will be. I have a French colleague who believes London is one of the friendliest places on earth. That surprised me, as I think London is pretty unwelcoming, whereas northern cities are easy places to open up conversation and make friends.

  4. Hi Chelsea, I really like your account on what life can be in England. I live here for almost 30 years since I was a student to my working years of adulthood. I have to say I have been so busy building my life and looking after my family, it has been a race. I would say that people should not underestimate the introvert attitude and the fact it is difficult to make friends! People are polite and you would not know where you stand. I have suffered from depression for years now, not only the weather which can have an impact but also luck of warmth or making you feel that you belong. If you look different and not super rich or famous expect to be ignored by school mums, and your child not be invited to birthdays of their classmate and even their close friends. In people eyes I have been successful in building a nice life and kids went to good schools and done well. However the feeling of not belonging never left our lives, even my kids who are born here feel it, a subject I have never discussed with them as it has creeped on me over the years. Don’t get me wrong you can make a nice quite life here, but don’t expect any warmth!

  5. Hi, I’m an American, living in England for 14 years, and I think this is a great list. I would agree with it completely. I stumbled across your blog in a roundabout way while looking into some of the practicalities of moving back to the US. There are many things I love about England, but I get incredibly homesick at times. I hate living in a small, expensive house, with it proving to be so difficult to get onto the property ladder. I also hate how hard it is to make friends, even after 14 years here. And I really, really miss ‘real’ summers and being cold all the time. For someone who grew up in New Mexico, the UK can feel like the land of eternal winter. This post did help me remember some of the good parts, though. I do love the NHS, which is actually why I’ll probably never be able to move back to the US. My husband is type 1 diabetic, so we cannot even begin to fathom having to enter the US healthcare system. Even though I could earn about double in the US, and even with great health insurance, we’d be broke in a matter of month. I wish the US would sort out healthcare affordability!

  6. Thank you for another hugely helpful debrief on all-things-London Living. I was curious, could you share more about the Work / Life balance comparison to London from the US? It makes sense that London isn’t leading in the Work / Life balance compared to other countries in Europe; however, I was under the impression that there might be more life balance in the mix coming from the US — would love to know your thoughts!

    Thank you again for all that you share with us! — Zoe

    • Hi Zoe, thanks for your message! London life is certainly more fast-paced and has a higher concentration of jobs with longer working hours compared to the rest of England. For example, Londoners work a few hours more hours per week on average vs the rest of the UK. That being said, you still get FAR more paid holidays (i.e. vacation) in the UK by law (28 days per year), while US workers are lucky to get 2 weeks. While it certainly depends on your workplace, I’ve found that companies in Europe generally expect you to take your vacation days, while in the US, it’s almost frowned upon (like you’re “letting the team down”, etc.).

  7. Hi Chelsea,
    I have a question you may not be able to answer but maybe you can refer me to someone who can help. I’m Canadian but have an English Mum and am thinking it might be advantageous to apply for British citizenship (I am eligible) as I am planning a lengthy visit to England. I can come for 6 months without a visa but citizenship would render that restriction inapplicable and I could stay as long as I wanted, I think. Would I get automatic access to the National Health Service and would my Canadian pension be taxed there as well as in Canada? Thanks for anything you can do. Sincerely, Garth Stiebel

    • Hi Garth, I can’t offer legal or tax advice, but if you get your British citizenship sorted before arriving, it will give you access to the NHS. You will need to register with a GP once you arrive, and they will issue you an NHS number as a new resident. You’ll want to speak to a tax advisor regarding the pension, as there are all sorts of agreements and rules between the UK and other countries that affect how non-UK income, pensions, etc. are taxed. Good luck with your research!


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